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Voting Rights

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Requirements at the time the Constitutuion Was Passed

  • White
  • Male
  • At least 21
  • 50 acres or equivalent of land

Voting and Race - 15th Amendment

  • 1870
    • The right of citizens of the U.S. to vote shall not be denied or abridged
    • by the U.S. or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • Pressure to ratify

Effect

  • Didn’t guarantee right to vote
  • Little impact until 1960s because of:
    • Literacy tests & grandfather clauses
    • Poll taxes
    • Apportionment--Gerrymandering
  • Actions since 1960
    • 24th Amendment (1965)--poll tax
    • Voting Rights Act of 1965
    • Supreme Court decisions--one person one vote
  • Effect of recent actions

Voting and Sex

  • States--Wyoming 1st in 1869
  • Federal Government
    • Early efforts--concerns about women voting
    • Women working to support WWI probably allowed the 19th Amendment to pass
  • 19th Amendment (1920)
    • The right of citizens in the U.S.to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or by any State on account of sex.
  • Gender gap in voting

Age

  • 26th Amendment (1971)
    • The right of citizens of the U.S. who are eighteen years of age or older, shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or by any State on account of age.
  • Passage influenced by Vietnam War


Copyright 2008, by the Contributing Authors. Cite/attribute Resource . factpetersen. (2007, October 19). Voting Rights. Retrieved January 08, 2011, from Free Online Course Materials — USU OpenCourseWare Web site: http://ocw.usu.edu/university-studies/u-s-institutions/voting-rights.html. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons License