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Ratifying the Constitution

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Done in state conventions

  • 9 states needed for ratification

Federalists supported and Anti-Federalists Opposed

The main issues were:

  • How much power should be given to the national government?
  • No Bill of Rights in the Constitution

Why no Bill of Rights?

  • Included in state constitutions
  • Problem of lists
    • Implications for rights not listed
    • Could hobble government
  • Delegates exhausted
  • Some rights were included in the Constitution

Federalist Advantages

  • Had a positive plan—the Constitution
  • The most popular and able people were Federalists

Federalist Strategy

  • Proposed adding a Bill of Rights later
  • Media Blitz—Federalist Papers
  • Success in first nine states reduced opposition in the last four

Ratification Results

  • Delaware the first state to ratify
  • New Hampshire the ninth in June, 1788
  • Virginia and New York were still essential. Votes were close:
    • Virginia—187 to 168
    • New York—83-79
  • North Carolina voted no and then had another convention and voted yes
  • Rhode Island did not have a convention until 1790
Copyright 2008, by the Contributing Authors. Cite/attribute Resource . factpetersen. (2007, October 15). Ratifying the Constitution. Retrieved January 08, 2011, from Free Online Course Materials — USU OpenCourseWare Web site: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons License