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Parties

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Not mentioned in Constitution

Washington’s warning--farewell address

Madison’s concern--Federal paper #10

History of Political Parties in the U.S.

  • Initially, Federalists & Anti-Federalists (Republicans)
  • Republicans from 1800-1824
    • Federalists withered away
    • Era of good feeling--coalition
  • Election of 1824 caused parties
    • Jackson and Democrats
    • Whigs
  • Republican party developed because of slavery issues
  • Republicans, Democrats, and sporadic 3rd parties ever since
    • Ross Perot
    • Jessie Ventura

Effects of Political Parties in U.S.

  • Benefits of parties
    • Legitimacy of results
    • Responsibility
    • Predictability
  • Parties in Legislative Bodies
    • Organization
    • Party discipline
  • U.S. two party system
    • U.S. system favors two parties
  • Weaker than in other countries
    • More decentralized
    • Separation of powers
  • Results of two party system
    • Stability
    • Similarity between parties

Political Systems in Other Countries

  • U.S.--Winner-take-all
    • Each House member represents part of a state
    • People vote for candidates, not parties
    • Top vote getter in each election wins
  • Example
    • Each of the 435 races
    • Republicans 1,000,001
    • Democrats 1,000,000
  • Result
    • 435 Republicans elected
    • 0 Democrats elected
  • Prime Minister could be either a Democrat or a Republican
  • Israel--Proportional representation
    • Knesset--members represent the entire nation of Israel
    • People vote for parties, not candidates
    • Each party has a prioritized list of candidates
    • 120 seats are awarded in proportion to votes received by each party
    • Knesset selects the Prime Minister
  • Example
    • Nationwide voting
    • Republicans 500,000
    • Democrats 400,000
    • Reform 300,000
  • Results
    • Republicans 50
    • Democrats 40
    • Reform 30
  • The coalition that can get at least 60 votes will pick one of its members as Prime Minister
  • A no-confidence vote in the Knesset can result in a new election
  • Israel has a "Parliamentary System"

Campaigns

Presidential Campaigns--the sequence of events

  • Party building
  • Fund raising
    • Federal funds
    • Private funding
      • $2,000 limit from individuals
      • $5,000 limit from political action committees (PACs)

Primaries---Iowa, New Hampshire, Super Tuesday, Western Primary

  • Conventions-
    • Delegate selection
    • Platforms
  • Media exposure

Final campaign

Other political campaigns

  • State and Local
    • Advantage of incumbency
    • Cache County Council

Initiatives

Referendums

Recall

Problems with the Political Process

  • Finding good people to run
    • Scrutiny
    • Negative campaigning
  • Money
    • Time required for fund raising
  • Influence of campaign contributors
  • Violations of finance laws
    • Independent expenditures
    • Party building contributions
    • Foreign contributions
  • Difficulty in changing the rules
  • Superficial campaigns
    • Lack of substance
    • Lack of choice
Copyright 2008, by the Contributing Authors. Cite/attribute Resource . factpetersen. (2007, October 22). Parties. Retrieved January 08, 2011, from Free Online Course Materials — USU OpenCourseWare Web site: http://ocw.usu.edu/university-studies/u-s-institutions/parties.html. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons License