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Judiciary and Judicial Review

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Organization

  • Supreme Court--9 justices
  • Inferior Courts
  • Appeals Courts--12 districts
  • District Courts
  • State Courts

Jurisdiction

  • Federal Courts
  • Supreme Court
    • Original--disputes between states
    • Appellate--writ of certiorari

Supreme Court Procedure

  • 1st Monday in October
  • Sequence of events
  • Assignment to write Opinions
  • Majority, concurring, and dissenting opinions

Selection of Judges

  • Inferior Courts--based on merit and politics
  • Supreme Court
    • Most important legacy of a President
  • Steps
  • Criteria--merit, ideology, diversity
  • “Surprises”

Judicial Review

  • Supreme Court initially not an equal branch
  • Marbury v. Madison
  • Background--writ of mandamous
  • Justice Marshall’s Dilemma
  • Marshall’s Solution
    • Marshall’s Decision
  • Marshall’s Argument
  • Results
    • Court above politics
    • Judicial Review of Federal Laws
    • Judicial Review of State Laws

How to Interpret the Constitution

  • Original Intent
  • Present Circumstances
  • The Supreme Court Today
Copyright 2008, by the Contributing Authors. Cite/attribute Resource . factpetersen. (2007, October 19). Judiciary and Judicial Review. Retrieved January 08, 2011, from Free Online Course Materials — USU OpenCourseWare Web site: http://ocw.usu.edu/university-studies/u-s-institutions/judiciary-and-judicial-review.html. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons License