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Assignment 1 (Chapter 1)

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1. A primary reason why nations conduct international trade is because:
  1. Some nations prefer to produce one thing while others produce other things
  2. Resources are not equally distributed among all trading nations
  3. Trade enhances opportunities to accumulate profits
  4. Interest rates are not identical in all trading nations
2. A main advantage of specialization results from:
  1. Economies of large-scale production
  2. The specializing country behaving as a monopoly
  3. Smaller production runs resulting in lower unit costs
  4. High wages paid to foreign workers
3. International trade in goods and services is sometimes used as a substitute for all of the following except :
  1. International movements of capital
  2. International movements of labor
  3. Domestic production of the same goods and services
  4. Domestic production of different goods and services
4. The movement to free international trade is most likely to generate short-term unemployment in which industries?
  1. Industries in which there are neither imports nor exports
  2. Import-competing industries
  3. Industries that sell to domestic and foreign buyers
  4. Industries that sell to only foreign buyers
5. How much physical output a worker producers in an hour's work depends on:
  1. The worker's motivation and skill
  2. The technology, plant, and equipment in use
  3. How easy the product is to manufacture
  4. All of the above
6. The largest amount of trade with the United States in recent years has been conducted by:
  1. Canada
  2. Germany
  3. Chile
  4. United Kingdom
7. Increased foreign competition tends to:
  1. Intensify inflationary pressures at home
  2. Induce falling output per worker-hour for domestic workers
  3. Place constraints on the wages of domestic workers
  4. Increase profits of domestic import-competing industries
8. ____ is the ability of a firm/industry, under free and fair market conditions, to design, produce, and market goods and services that are better and/or cheaper than those of other firms/industries.
  1. Competitiveness
  2. Protectionism
  3. Comparative advantage
  4. Absolute advantage
9. A firm's ____, relative to that of other firms, is generally regarded as the most important determinant of competitiveness.
  1. Income level
  2. Tastes and preferences
  3. Governmental regulation
  4. Productivity
10. Free traders maintain that an open economy is advantageous in that it provides all of the following except :
  1. Increased competition for world producers
  2. A wider selection of products for consumers
  3. The utilization of the most efficient production methods
  4. Relatively high wage levels for all domestic workers
11. Recent pressures for protectionism in the United States have been motivated by all of the following except :
  1. U.S. firms shipping component production overseas
  2. High profit levels for American corporations
  3. Sluggish rates of productivity growth in the United States
  4. High unemployment rates among American workers
12. A feasible effect of international trade is that:
  1. A monopoly in the home market becomes an oligopoly in the world market
  2. An oligopoly in the home market becomes a monopoly in the world market
  3. A purely competitive firm becomes an oligopolist
  4. A purely competitive firm becomes a monopolist
13. The real income of domestic producers and consumers can be increased by:
  1. Technological progress, but not international trade
  2. International trade, but not technological progress
  3. Technological progress and international trade
  4. Neither technological progress nor international trade
14. In the United States, automobiles are:
  1. Imported, but not exported
  2. Exported, but not imported
  3. Imported and exported
  4. Neither exported nor imported
15. Empirical research indicates that ____ best enhances productivity gains for firms and industries.
  1. Local competition
  2. Regional competition
  3. Global competition
  4. No competition
16. The dominant trading nation in the world market following World War II was:
  1. United Kingdom
  2. Germany
  3. South Korea
  4. United States
17. A closed economy is one in which:
  1. Imports exactly equal exports, so that trade is balanced
  2. Domestic firms invest in industries overseas
  3. The home economy is isolated from foreign trade
  4. Saving exactly equals investment at full employment
18. Relative to countries with low ratios of exports to gross domestic product, countries having high export to gross domestic product ratios are ____ vulnerable to changes in the world market.
  1. Less
  2. More
  3. Equally
  4. Any of the above
19. Which of the following is a fallacy of international trade?
  1. Trade is a zero-sum activity
  2. Exports increase employment in exporting industries
  3. Import restrictions increase employment in import-competing industries
  4. Tariffs and quotas reduce trade volume
20. Foreign ownership of U.S. financial assets:
  1. Has decreased since the 1960s
  2. Has increased since the 1960s
  3. Has made the U.S. a net borrower since the late 1980s
  4. Both a and c
21. Important trading partners of the United States include Canada, Mexico, Japan, and China.
  1. True
  2. False
22. Opening the economy to international trade tends to lessen inflationary pressures at home.
  1. True
  2. False
23. The benefits of international trade accrue in the forms of lower domestic prices, development of more efficient methods and new products, and a greater range of consumption choices.
  1. True
  2. False
24. In an open trading system, a country will import those commodities that it produces at relatively low cost while exporting commodities that can be produced at relatively high cost.
  1. True
  2. False
25. Restrictive trade policies have resulted in U.S. producers of minerals and metals supplying all of the U.S. consumers' needs.
  1. True
  2. False
Copyright 2008, by the Contributing Authors. Cite/attribute Resource . admin. (2009, January 27). Assignment 1 (Chapter 1). Retrieved January 07, 2011, from Free Online Course Materials — USU OpenCourseWare Web site: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons License